From Realism to Virtual Reality: Images of America's Wars
...Industrial chemicals, manufactured metal plates, lenses, mirrors, bellows, and actuating mechanisms- all were essential to the new art and craft of photography….The romantic images of warfare projected by earlier visual arts were now radically threatened by images of warfare introduced by photography....
American scholar and critic. Born in Brooklyn, Franklin was educated at Amherst College and Stanford University. After stints as a tugboat deckhand and a military intelligence officer, Franklin returned to Stanford as a scholar of Herman Melville; he was the first tenured professor to be fired from Stanford after he urged his students to occupy the campus computer center in protest against the Vietnam War. Since then he has written books on a great variety of subjects, ranging from the media's role in wartime to prison literature to science fiction to commercial fishing. His many books include Prison Literature in America: The Victim as Criminal and Artist (1982), War Stars: The Superweapon in the American Imagination (1988), and The Most Important Fish in the Sea: Menhaden and America (2007). Franklin is a professor of English and American studies at Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey. See also ncs.rutgers.edu/~hbf/.